Scotland Island lies in Pittwater, not far from the mainland suburbs of Church Point and Bayview on the south. Across Pittwater to the West lies Kuring-gai Chase National Park and the Western Foreshore communities.
The island is one kilometre in diametre and .5 square kilometres in area or 52.5 square hectares, and is 120 metres above sea level at its highest point. The Spotted Gum (Eucalyptus maculata) forest, an Ecologically Endangered Community, covers most of the island.
Elizabeth Park, at the apex of the island, is a 6.8 hectare bushland reserve. Catherine Park, near Tennis Wharf, features a children’s playground, a barbecue and several picnic tables.
There are four ferry stops on the island: Bells, Carols, Eastern, and Tennis. Cargo Wharf provides access for barge deliveries of vehicles and other heavy goods.
There are an increasing number of vehicles on the island, but walking is the time-honoured method of transport.
Geology of the island
According to ‘Scotland Island’ in Wikipedia,
Around 18,000 years ago Scotland Island was a hill in a river valley. Following the last ice age, sea levels rose, flooding the valley, forming Pittwater and creating the island. There are many small beaches, consisting mainly of mud, mangroves and rocks. There are no rivers or cliffs, but some small caves towards the top of the island. The top of the island is sandstone and the lower part consists of shale.
Read more about the geological history of Pittwater on ‘Australia: The Land Where Time Began‘.
The following statistics are reproduced from the Australian Bureau of Statistics (Scotland Island Code SSC 12054) from the 2011 Census under a Creative Commons License. Bracketed information is gleaned from the same source, but not presented exactly as on the ABS website.
|Average children per family||1.8|
|All private dwellings||344|
|Average people per household||2.8|
|Median weekly household income||$1,724|
|Median monthly mortgage repayments||$2,817|
|Median weekly rent||$380|
|Average motor vehicles per dwelling||1.4|
The median age of people in Scotland Island (State Suburbs) was 39 years. Children aged 0 – 14 years made up 23.2% of the population and people aged 65 years and over made up 8.1% of the population.[Also, 40.2% of island residents were aged between 35 and 54 years, as compared to 28% for the whole of the Australian population].
The most common ancestries in Scotland Island (State Suburbs) were English 35.3%, Australian 20.2%, Irish 9.8%, Scottish 8.7% and German 3.1%.
In Scotland Island (State Suburbs), 41.7% of people had both parents born in Australia and 41.7% of people had both parents born overseas.
The most common responses for religion in Scotland Island (State Suburbs) were No Religion 46.9% [compared to 22.3% in the whole Australian population], Catholic 14.1%, Anglican 12.0%, Uniting Church 3.4% and Christian, nfd 2.7%.
Employment and occupations
There were 400 people who reported being in the labour force in the week before Census night in Scotland Island (State Suburbs). Of these 60.0% were employed full time, 32.0% were employed part-time and 4.2% were unemployed.
The most common occupations in Scotland Island (State Suburbs) included Professionals 39.6%, Managers 15.0%, Technicians and Trades Workers 14.0%, Clerical and Administrative Workers 13.2%, and Community and Personal Service Workers 5.4%.
Of the families in Scotland Island (State Suburbs), 55.4% were couple families with children [compared to 44.6% in the whole of the Australian population], 31.9% were couple families without children and 12.7% were one parent families.
There were 344 dwellings on the island 75.4% of private dwellings were occupied and 24.6% were unoccupied. 98.8% were separate houses.