- Stingrays are often hard to see – keep close watch
- Slide your feet along the sand when walking in shallow water
- respiratory depression
- abdominal pain
- cardiac arrhythmia
- myocardial ischaemia and, rarely, death.
- Immerse wound in hot water (about 45C) for at least 30 minutes for pain relief.
- Carefully examine the wound and remove any foreign material.
- Seek medical advice